VII, pp. Edwards and Foulet titled the poem as Mort Alixandre since the remaining lines are a detailed account of Alexander's worth as a chivalric example to other rulers, and an explication of the monstrous child born shortly before his death, and read by his soothsayers as a portent warning of his impending demise. The fragment's only editors assert that the Mort is older than Alexandre de Paris' poem, and that the remainder of the Mort as well as the lost section serve as a source for the longer romance. Elliott Monographs, Thomas of Kent. Le Roman de toute Chevalerie. Generally considered to be independent from continental Alexander material.
Source for the Middle English Kyng Alisaunder. Over 12, lines, of which some 4,, according to Foster, are taken from the Roman d'Alexandre. The poem's three editors have taken various stances on whether removing this interpolated material achieves a more "authenticated" version of what Thomas of Kent actually would have written. Foster and Schneegans argue for excising; Meyer does not.
Durham Cathedral Library C. Cambridge, Trinity College, O. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Lat. Brian Foster, with the assistance of Ian Short. London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, Gembloux: J. Duculot, Brian Foster. The Anglo-Norman Alexander. Catherine Gaullier-Bougassa. Martin Gosman. Magoun, pp.
Johanna Weynand. Bonn: C. Georgi, La Venjance Alixandre. Together, Alior and Candace destroy the forces of the treacherous Antipater and his son, Florent. Composed in or , the Venjance enjoyed extraordinary popularity, as attested to by its survival in numerous manuscripts, as well as its adaptation by later authors see below, Jean Wauquelin into other texts. Ham , notes the Venjance's inclusion in the Roman de Renart le Contrefait , and in the anonymous Fais et concquestes du noble roy Alexandre.
Ham points out in his introduction the numerous parallels between this text and Gui de Cambrai's Vengement Alixandre. Oxford, Bodleian Library MS , fols. Venice, Museo Civico, VI. Parma, Biblioteca Palatina , fols. Jehan le Nevelon: La Venjance Alixandre.
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Five Versions of the Venjance Alixandre. Modern Language Notes. Oscar Schultz-Gora, ed. Die Vengeance Alexandre von Jean le Nevelon. Edward Billings Ham. Introduction, pp. Textual Criticism and Jehan le Venelais. Language and Literature, vol. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Publications, Halle: Dissertation: Halle, Alexandre de Paris Alexandre de Bernai. Roman d'Alexandre.
The so-called "vulgate" version of the Roman was redacted by Alexandre de Paris sometime after ; this text was still one of the later redactions of the poem. Alexandre de Paris recast the immense poem into "alexandrine" lines define. Since the resultant text influenced so many later compilations of Alexander material, a brief outline of the structure and history behind Alexandre's poem is merited here.
Meyer's discussion of Alexander's role in medieval French literature defined four "branches" of the Roman differentiated by the four main base texts: I: the "enfances" of Alexander see Decasyllabic Alexander , describing the king's birth, childhood accomplishments, and campaigns leading up to the siege of Tyre; II: the Fuerre de Gadres , in which he conquers Tyre, enters Jerusalem, and defeats Darius; III: the sequence of Indian adventures, including the death of Darius, Alexander's battles against Porus, his submarine adventure, his invention of the flying machine; this is no doubt some of the oldest material in the poem see Alixandre en Orient ; IV: the death and burial of Alexander see Mort Alixandre.
Many of the manuscripts of the Roman are illustrated; by far the most famous and elaborate of these productions is Bodley The main edition of the poem remains the multi-volume project overseen by Edward C. The references to the four branches refer specifically to Alexander de Paris's poem, not the text it is based on. Those MSS which do not contain at least part of all four branches have been marked with an asterisk; for details concerning the specific contents of the manuscripts, how they are related to each other, and what sections of the Roman are missing, consult Foulet, vols.
Roberto Benedetti, ed. Le Roman d'Alexandre: Riproduzione del ms. Venezia Biblioteca Museo Correr Udine: Roberto Vattori, Two color plates. Armstrong, D.
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Buffum, Bateman Edwards, L. Lowe, et al. New York: Kraus Reprints, Milan S. La Du. Laurence Harf-Lancner. Le Roman d'Alexandre. Paris: Livre de Poche, Heinrich Michelant. Stuttgart: Gedruckt auf Kosten des Literarischen Vereins, Pierre Briant. Catherine Croizy-Naquet. Cairns: Liverpool, Smits, and Marinus M. Mediaevalia Groningana Groningen: Egbert Forsten, Jacques Chocheyras. Bern: Peter Lang, Paris: Champion, Douglas Kelly.
William W. Venise, Museo Civico VI, Penny Simon. Michelle Szkilnik. Stephen D. Gui de Cambrai. Le Vengement Alixandre. The poem is lines long and details, like the Venjance Alixandre , the vengeance taken by Alior against Antipater for Alexander's murder. All manuscripts include the Vengement appended to the end of Alexandre de Paris' Roman. See Edwards , pp. Gui de Cambrai: le Vengement Alixandre. Bateman Edwards. Ross claims that "the book was read to pieces" "Printed Editions," p. For a listing of the printed versions, see Ross, "Printed Editions," pp.
A relatively faithful translation of the J2 redaction of the Historia de Preliis. London, British Library Royal Niermeyer: Halle, VI, fol. Alfons Hilka. Francis P. Post-script: Prise de Defur. This anonymous text narrates the capture of the city Defur by Alexander's forces, and is often cited as significant for its incoporation of the "Wonderstone" episode: Alexander comes upon a human eye, which outweighs everything in the world when uncovered, but when covered is lighter than two coins.
Aristotle explicates the wondrous eye as a commentary on the dangers of avarice. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley , fols. Peckham and Milan S. Danielle Buschinger. Lawton P. Voyage d'Alexandre au Paradis terrestre. The anonymous Voyage is a translation and adaptation of the Latin Iter ad Paradisum, often incorporated into the Roman d'Alexandre immediately following the Prise de Defur. See Peckham, pp. The story encompasses Alexander's turn home to Babylon, his journey to the Earthly Paradise, and the traitorous plot to murder him. See pp. The Romance of Alexander: a collotype facsimile of ms.
Bodley Jacques de Longuyon. Voeux du Paon. Alexander oversees the end-scene of Voeux by doling out husbands to the noble women who have vowed to obtain them. For a summary of the events in the narrative, see John L. Kibler and Grover A. Zinn New York: Garland, , pp.
Voeux is approximately lines long, composed in Alexandrines around ; Restor lines, composed in Alexandrines before ; Parfait , lines long, was completed around Dissertation, Columbia University, Robert Alexander Magill. Dissertation: Columbia University, Scottish Text Society, New Series, volumes 12, 17, 21, Glynnis M. Elizabeth J. Dissertation: University of Texas at Austin, Obed Boyer Ely. Masters' Thesis: Columbia University, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, Geneva: Droz, John L. Keith Busby and Erik Kooper.
Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, Scottish Text Society, New Series, vol. Jean le Court. Restor du Paon. Donaueschingen , fols.
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- French-English Dictionary (35,273 Entries).
- Code civil - Legilux.
Enid Donkin. Jean Brisebarre: "Li Restor du Paon.
Jean de Le Mote. Parfait du paon. Carey, ed. Jean de la Mote: Le Parfait du Paon.
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Edmond A. Friedrich Gennrich. Mary A. Rouse and Richard Rouse. Jean Wauquelin. Wauquelin used the verse Roman d'Alexandre as his source. Three of the manuscripts are elaborately decorated. I-CL for a detailed description of the manuscripts, historical context, and textual tradition of the text. I, Splendeurs de la cour de Bourgogne.
Paris: Laffont, Partial translation into Modern French by O. Collet, pp. Paul Durrieu. Catherine Gaullier-Bougassas.
Magoun Meyer, Christiane Raynaud. To my knowledge, the text has not yet been edited. Ham calls this text "servile, diffuse, and tiresome" p. Anthonij Dees. Faux Titre, Les Faits du grand Alexandre. Vasco, a Portuguese writer residing in the court of Isabel of Portugal, mother of Charles the Bold, translated Curtius' text over a period of seven years and presented it to Charles in Phillipps, MS Los Angeles: J.
Paul Getty Museum, Paul Getty Museum. Scot McKendrick. Chavannes-Mazel and M. Los Altos Hills: Anderson-Lovelace, Introduction by Peter Dronke. Rome: Fondazione Lorenzo Valla, Boitani, et al. The prologue treats of Alexander's general status among medieval legends; part one: the signs of his destiny; part two: Alexander and learning; part three: the conquest of the world; part four: Alexander and other worlds; part five: Alexander and the prophecies; part six: the aura and the shadows of Alexander.
Each edited text has been translated into modern Italian. Armand Abel. Bruxelles: Office de Publicit, General introduction to medieval legendary material. Abel traces the history of the tradition beginning with Pseudo-Callisthenes, its adaptations and continuations, the biblical treatment of Alexander, the medieval Latin texts including Historia de Preliis and Alexandreis , Islamic traditions concerning Alexander, and the French Roman d'Alexandre of Alexander of Paris. Hermans, and Elizabeth Visser.
Mediaevalia Groningana, vol. Nijmegen Netherlands : Alfa Nijmegen, Collection of essays devoted to viewing the death of Alexander from a multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary point of view. Aerts' preface introduces readers to three approaches scholars in the group took to dealing with Alexander material: as he says "genetic," i. Andrew Runni Anderson. Cambridge: Mediaeval Academy of America, Discusses the various manifestations of Alexander's enclosing of the nations of Gog and Magog and the construction of "Alexander's Gate," trapping the tribes between two mountains.
Attempts to identify the nations of Gog and Magog as an ethnic group around the Caucasus Mountains at the time of Alexander's movements either the Celts or the Goths. The only monograph to treat of this phenomenon. Dario Carraroli. Mondovi: Tipografia Giovanni Issoglio, An overview of Alexander's presence in legendary material across countries. Carraroli begins his book with an introduction to Pseudo-Callisthenes' text, and then discusses its adaptations and redactions.
The main section of the book focuses on Alexander's presence in Medieval Italian literature, and he finishes with a brief description of Alexander in medieval art and architecture. George Cary. The Medieval Alexander. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, , rpt. Cary's monograph, a revised version of his dissertation published after his untimely death in , is still the major foundation point for any study of Alexander in medieval writing. The first half of the book exhaustively catalogues any and all medieval materials that deal with Alexander in a non-anecdotal way to clarify, Cary does not include in his discussion the tales dealing with Alexander in Gower's Confessio Amantis , nor with the Gesta Romanorum.
My bibliography, insofar as it deals with primary sources of the Alexander legend, is unquestionably indebted to this section of his book. The method of his cataloguing traces major patterns of influence between texts; he first describes the various "historical" sources for our knowledge of Alexander's life, as well as the fantastic and strange romance of Pseudo-Callisthenes and its derivatives, the "Indian Tractates. The second part of Cary's book attempts to answer the question: How was Alexander the Great perceived in the Middle Ages?
In looking at this question; Cary painstakingly examines moralistic, theological, anecdotal, and exemplar writings on Alexander. This collection of essays in French encompasses a broad spectrum of international literature on Alexander. The essays are grouped into five main topics: Alexander and the ancient sources; Alexander, or the meeting of traditions; a political myth; a spiritual quest; an ambiguous hero. The individual essays are referenced throughout this bibliography. Historia Alexandri Elevati per Griphos ad aerem. Roma: Instituto storico italiano per il Medio Evo, The first monograph-length study on the imagery of Alexander's flight via griffons.
Discusses the origins of the legend and the image, particularly in the context of Byzantine and Old Russian artwork, culminating in a survey of the image's prevalence in French and German art. Ian Michael. Alexander's Flying-Machine: the History of a Legend. Southampton: University of Southampton, Contains an introduction on Alexander's importance to medieval audiences, a discussion of Curtius's text, and a thorough chapter on the production of Vasco da Lucena's translation of Curtius, its dissemination, and the production and importance of the beautiful Getty manuscript of Les fais d'Alexandre le grant Los Angeles, J.
The book reproduces in large color plates every illuminated miniature in the manuscript, along with a commentary describing the content of the miniature and the context out of which it comes. Up there with the Bodley facsimile in beauty of reproduction. Also a good introductory chapter on Alexander to anyone who is unfamiliar with the legendary tradition. London: The Warburg Institute, A catalogue of all medieval Alexander texts which include illustrations.
Divided into two sections — works that are part of or derived from the romance of Pseudo-Callisthenes, and works that are derived from the historical tradition of Curtius and Plutarch. Ross includes two appendices: the first is a brief discussion of the evolution of the motif of the Nine Worthies in medieval literature, of which Alexander is one, and the second is a catalogue of medieval texts dealing with Alexander's predecessors or other texts that tangentially deal with Alexander. Victor Michael Schmidt. Groningen: E. Forsten, Discusses the history of the iconography of the image of Alexander's flight via griffin-car from the ninth through 16th centuries, when widespread skepticism towards the historicity of the Alexander romances caused the popularity of the image to decrease.
Contains black-and-white plates. My Accounts Contact Us Giving. You are here Home. A publication of the Robbins Library. French Primary Sources Nota bene: The texts are arranged in chronological order according to that listed in Maddox, pp. Text Only Mobile Version. Beaucoup de bonheur. Date et lieu Tu vois que je suis de parole. Je vous aime bien. Garde toujours cette lettre. Ton petit papa, V. Ainsi, tout est pour le mieux. Ton Victor. Marseille, 3 octobre Je vois avec plaisir que tu aimes et que tu comprends la nature. Moi aussi, dans quelques jours, je vais commencer mon mouvement de retour.
Toute ma vie est dans vous. La lettre ouverte. De Sue Wilcox.
Aïe Aïe Aïe !
Chers Parents,. Aucun handicap ne change cela. Le pronostic pessimiste de beaucoup de maladies neuromusculaires semble mettre sur la voie d'une vie au jour le jour, qu'elle qu'elle soit. Probablement un jour, mais pas avant longtemps. C'est le sens de la vie. Ceci n'est pas "s'occuper du handicap", mais changer la vie en mort. Mais attendez! Mais assurez-vous que vous les laissez avoir une vision du futur.
Parce que vos enfants sont vivants, vous devez vous projeter dans l'avenir. Sue Wilcox. Alors, Myriam trouve refuge dans les livres. Une passion q u'elle cultive depuis neuf ans. C'est bien triste. Je n'ai que toi au monde et je ne t'ai pas vu depuis sept ans! Envoie-moi quelque argent et je viendrai. J'avais du reste l'intention d'aller te trouver pour te parler d'un projet qui me permettrait de faire ce que tu me demandes. Tu me pardonnerais mes escapades et nous habiterions tous ensemble dans ta nouvelle maison.
Tu l'aimerais, j'en suis certain. Il ne m'aime pas. Rosalie entra. Elle fait avancer l'action. Comment leur parler? Petite Plaisance. Northesat Harbor. Mon portefeuille te parviendra et ce qu'il y a dedans. Ma petite Lucie, encore une fois, pardon. Henry Floch". Et comment en sortirai-je?
Par quelle porte? Quand sera-ce? En quelle disposition? Aurai-je un transport au cerveau? Mourrai-je d'un accident? Comment serai-je avec Dieu? Suis-je digne du paradis? Suis-je digne de l'enfer? Quelle alternative! Quel embarras! En un mot, que voulez-vous que je fasse? L'homme n'est rien, l'oeuvre tout! Mais quelle est l'importance dudit sieur? Maman, embrassez-moi comme je vous embrasse du fond de mon coeur. La vie courante a si peu d'importance et se ressemble tant. La demande d'emploi. Le Curriculum Vitae.